Teagasc Crop Report

Update No. 7 2021

Update No. 7 2021

Wednesday 16th June 2021
(Updated Friday 18th June 2021)
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Events in June and July

Events in June and July

There are a number of event which are coming up in June and July which are worth tuning into or attending.

Tillage Establishment Systems and Grass Weed Webinar No 2, from the North East

Venue  Online webinar

Tillage Establishment Systems and Grass Weed Webinar, as part of the Enable Conservation Tillage (ECT) project, focusing on tillage systems and grass weeds from the North East.

The Enable Conservation Tillage (ECT) project are running a series of webinars focusing on farms from across Ireland who are converting to non-plough based systems and also how these farmers are dealing with grass weed challenges.   

The 2nd of our Enable Conservation Tillage project webinars will focus on blackgrass and its control on three farms in the North Dublin region and look at the how two of our ECT focus farmers have successfully converted to strip-till and no-till systems and how they have managed the grass weed challenge on their farms.

Topics covered

  • Blackgrass control in North Dublin
  • Strip-till and no-till establishment systems
  • Sterile brome control

IASIS points are available (Zoom log in is necessary)

Tillage Establishment Systems and Grass Weed Webinar No 3, from the South

Tuesday, 6th July | 11:30am - from the South

This webinars looks at blackgrass and sterile brome control on three of our ECT focus farmers in Cork, Waterford and Tipperary and how the identification of resistant grassweeds on these farms will affect their management strategies

Topics covered

  • Blackgrass and sterile brome control in non-inversion tillage systems
  • Resistant grass weed identification and management

Teagasc Crops Trials Event - 30 June and July 1 2021

Venue Oak Park, Carlow

Teagasc Crops Trials Event taking place in Oak Park, Carlow, across two days on Wednesday, 30th June and Thursday, 1st July 2021.

In light of the recent change in public health measures for COVID19, we are pleased to confirm that the Teagasc Crops team are planning to run a Crops Trials Event at Oak Park, Carlow on Wednesday, 30th June and Thursday, 1st July 2021.

In contrast to our traditional Crops Open Days that we have held in the past and in order to adhere to public health guidelines, attendance will be by pre-registration only. This will allow us to accommodate groups, at designated timeslots throughout each of the two days.

Details of registration are here 


Crop Monitoring

Crop Monitoring

In most crops the spraying/agronomy season is now complete. Crops are now entering the stage of the season where grain fill has started and little if anything can be done to help this. As a result many crops will not be seen again until the combine rolls in. However this is a critically important time in the future management of individual fields as many problems can often only now reveal themselves.

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Winter Wheat

Winter Wheat

Winter wheat has good potential this season but high disease levels in some crops, particularly septoria will have an impact on final yield. A wet May provided perfect conditions for septoria and as a consequence there is a lot of septoria infection in the upper canopy where fungicide timings were compromised. Yellow rust has made a reappearance on susceptible varieties like Bennington. Most winter wheat crops are flowering and final fungicide has been applied to earlier crops.

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Spring Barley

Spring Barley 

Overall yield potential in spring barley is good but wet weather in May has left its mark. Heavier land and compacted parts of fields have struggled to recover and disease and weed control was compromised due to lack of spraying opportunities. Disease levels are relatively high particularly rhynchosporium in RGT Planet and Gangway. Cool weather in April and lack of spraying opportunities in May has resulted in some cases of poor weed control with uncontrolled chickweed present in many crops. Spring barley growth stages range from flag leaf to ear emergence complete. 

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Spring Oats

Spring Oats

Similar to all spring crops strong growth over the past couple of weeks have turned crops inside out.  Crops are at the flag leaf to booting stage.Oats appear to be suffering less water logging in May then spring barley.  Crops have stayed relatively clean however there are some reports of mildew creeping into crops.  Rusts don't appear to be a problem so far.

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Spring Beans

Spring Beans

Growth and development in spring beans has been rapid in recent week with most crops well into flowering. Good soil moisture levels in May will be very beneficial and will lesson the chances of 'drought pinches' which can be detrimental to yield in spring beans. Disease levels are higher than normal. Downy mildew was present in crops initially but chocolate spot is the predominant disease now especially in the south.  

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Potatoes

Potatoes

In general crops are growing well and the recent increase in temperatures have helped many crops to catch up on growth as we approach the longest day of the year. Many early planted will be met in the rows by the 21st June which is one of the early targets for maincrop varieties, however there are a few crops which have had uneven emergence and some of these late plants have catching up to do. Blight levels are low as there has only been one blight warning for the south and west in June so far.

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Fodder Beet and Maize

Fodder Beet and Maize

Fodder beet and maize have sprung into life in the last two weeks and are recovering from a poor start. Weed control is largely completed in both crops with some tidy up of specific weeds remaining. 

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Grassland Weed Control

Grassland Weed Control 

Weed control can be considered in fields where grass was recently removed.  Control of weeds in these fields may be necessary to protect the quality and yield of grass in the months ahead.  However careful assessment of the weed burden is necessary to ensure control with herbicides is necessary.

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Cropped Areas 2021

Cropped areas 2021

The Department of Agriculture have published the Basic Payment figures of crop areas sown in 2021.  The figures show a 2.2% increase in the main tillage area in 2021 reversing the decline of the tillage area over the past number of years.   The full set of data can be found here .

See below the areas of the main tillage crops .

Table 1.  DAFM BPS Crop Areas 2021 (hectares)

Crop  2020 2021 Change in 2021
Barley - Spring         141,237         116,238 -      24,999
Barley - Winter           51,299           67,386         16,087
Oats - Spring           17,094           14,302 -         2,792
Oats - Winter             8,247           13,900           5,653
Wheat - Spring           11,509             6,054 -         5,455
Wheat - Winter           35,385           55,963         20,578
Triticale - Spring           352           352             0
Triticale - Winter           131             98 -              33
Rye                 485             1,298              813
Oilseed Rape - Spring             1,601             1,115 -            486
Oilseed Rape - Winter             8,749           10,102           1,354
Beans - Spring           12,527             8,766 -         3,760
Beans - Winter                 317                 598              281
Sugar Beet                 779                 669 -            109
Fodder Beet             8,282             8,488              205
Maize           14,712           14,428 -            284
Potatoes - Early                 793                 698 -              95
Potatoes - Maincrop             7,842             7,995              152
Potatoes - Seed                 229                 177 -              53
 Total         323,589         330,649 7059
    Difference + 2.2%