The second part of the National Crops Forum takes place on Thursday 16th September as a virtual event on Zoom, at 11.30am see details below. For anyone who wishes to view the first session it is available on the Teagasc YouTube Channel.
September 16 – Topics; Carbon Farming & Nitrate Leaching
The webinar will look at the carbon cycle and how it can be harnessed to better effect by tillage farmers. It will also look at nitrate losses from tillage and how farmers can mitigate the problem.
IASIS points will be available to anyone who registers on the Zoom platform.
To register for the events click here
Autumn Farm Walks
These walks will look at key agronomic decisions for farmers in the coming months. Among the topics being discussed are;
All attendees are required to register beforehand. The events will take place on the following farms;
Monday 20th Sept @ 11am; Tom Barry, Kilavullen, Co. Cork Eircode P51 HP70. To Register call 021-4631898
Tuesday 21st Sept @ 11am; Donal McGrath, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary Eircode E91 AY81. To Register call 052-6121300
Wednesday 22nd Sept @ 11am; Simon Neville, Blackwater, Co. Wexford Eircode Y21 C443. To Register call 053-9171350
Thursday 23rd Sept @ 3pm; Tom Tierney, Prosperous, Co. Kildare Eircode W91 A218. To Register call 045-879203
Fore more details visit www.teagasc.ie/cropwalks
This years cereal harvest is completed and only spring beans remain to be completed. Overall cereal yields have been above average. Good harvest weather had a positive impact on yield and quality and losses from lodging, straw breakdown and sprouting were minimal. Straw yields are good and demand for straw has remained strong.
We will need to wait till the dust settles on this harvest before we can accurately quantify crop yields and overall production but reports to date suggest that yields of all cereal crops will be above the 5 year average. Some expectational yields have been recorded for individual crops but average yield of winter wheat is in the region of 10.6t/ha with some exceptional crops exceeding 12.5t/ha. Winter barley averages are in the region of 9.0t/ha.
Some early spring barley crops yielded very well with 10t/ha recorded but it looks like the average will be near 8.0t/ha. Quality has been excellent with very low rejections for malting where proteins have been low.
Both winter and spring oats has yielded well with averages close to 9.4t/ha for winter oats and 8.0t/ha for spring oats.
Spring beans are being cut at the moment and yields range from 4.75t/ha up to 6.5t/ha the average looks like it will be in excess of 5.5t/ha.
The favourable weather conditions, good yields (4.5 - 5.5T/Ha) from the recent harvest and favourable forward prices (€450 harvest 2022) have resulted in renewed interest in oilseed rape on many farms. Winter oilseed rape is an ideal break crop for many farms and brings many advantages to a cereal crop rotation such as a disease break, alternative grass weeds control options, spreading workload etc.
Practically all of the second early crop is now lifted and sold with prices remaining relatively goo despite the recent good weather. Early maincrop Rooster has started to be lifted in the last two weeks or so, with early yields being described as average. Blight has been reported in many areas during the last two weeks so growers need to be aware as they desiccate crops.
Our soil is our biggest resource and once crops have been harvested and straw removed we can put measures in place to improve our soil health. This starts with examining soil structure and identifying areas that need remedial work.
With increasing fertiliser prices we need to plan fertiliser programmes for next season and this plan may involve spreading lime and organic manure applications. Post harvest is the ideal time to assess soil fertility by taking soil samples and drawing up a fertiliser plan for the next crop.
The old saying of "well sown half grown" is as applicable now as it ever was, with the likelihood of increased input prices putting pressure on cereal crop margins in 2022 getting the crop off to a good start is essential. Teagasc produce a seed rate calculator which gives and indication of seed rates for different crops and varieties based on the thousand grain weight as recorded for the harvest in the previous season. These thousand grain weights vary form year to year, between varieties and quite often even between lots, so the calculator is only indicative and growers should use the thousand grain weight printed on the seed bags for their calculations.
Weed control is one of the most important decisions that has to be carried out on any crop. Matching the correct herbicide to the crop for the weed spectrum with different fields can often be quite tricky as can be the timing. Most growers opt for post emergence applications to tie in with insecticide applications, however advances in technology especially GPS equipment facilitates pre-emergence applications.