Teagasc Crop Report

Update Number 5

Update Number 5

Tuesday 21st April 2020
(Updated Thursday 21st May 2020)
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Winter Oilseed Rape

Winter Oilseed Rape

Winter oilseed rape crops are mid flowering and sclerotinia control is now the main focus.

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Winter Wheat

Winter Wheat

Crops are growing well at the moment with many of the earlier sown crops at GS 31/32. Critical decisions such as PGR strategy and disease control will have to be taken over the coming week. Yellow rust seems to becoming an issue on certain varieties while septoria levels are relatively low but will spread once we get rain.

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Winter Barley

Winter Barley

Winter barley crops have grown strongly over the last two weeks. Growth stages range from GS 31 to GS 33. Most crops have received their first fungicide application and disease levels are low expect for rhynchosporium on susceptible varieties. Any remaining nitrogen needs to be applied by GS 32. Final growth regulation will the key priority over in the next 10 days.

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Winter Oats

Winter Oats

Crop growth has been excellent with the dry weather keeping most disease levels low.  Crops are advancing towards GS 31- GS32.  Almost all crops have received all their nitrogen and the next operation is to apply the main growth regulator.

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Spring Beans

Spring Beans

Establishment of spring beans is excellent this season. Most crops received a pre-emergence herbicide but will need a follow up for grass weeds. Leaf notching from bean weevil is evident in many crop and will require treatment.  

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Spring Cereals

Spring Barley

A one stage it looked as if the planting of spring crops would be late but a dry spell in early April allowed farmers to get crops into ground and all spring crops are planted by now. Growth has been rapid and growth stages vary from emergence to early tillering. As a result of fine seedbeds establishment has been excellent with no bare patches in fields. Weed control, nitrogen application and BYDV control will the priority in the next 7-14 days.  

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Fodder Beet

Fodder Beet

Sowing of fodder beet is ongoing but similar to maize indications are that the area will be slightly down on 2019.

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Maize

Maize

Good progress has been made with the planting of maize but indications are that the area may be down slightly on 2019. Crops in the open are also now being planted. 

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Potatoes

Potatoes

Planting season is coming to a close at the moment in most areas and for many growers this will be the earliest completion for a number of years.

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Grassland Weed Control

Grassland Weed Control

in the recent Grass 10 recent report the following comments were made :

  • There is surplus grass on most farms across the country
  • Now that growth is exceeding demand on farms, it is an ideal time to reseed underperforming paddocks. Using varieties from the Pasture Profit Index will lead to higher quality grass varieties for grazing on farms. Soil seed contact, soil fertility and pre/post spraying are critical to a successful reseed

 

Weeds in grassland significantly reduces yield and quality. Docks in silage ground will be the target for many farmers in the coming weeks. The key to successful control of docks in silage ground is to apply suitable herbicide to actively growing docks that are 15-25cm high. The interval between herbicide application and cutting varies between products but can be up to 21 days. 

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Spring Oilseed Rape

Spring Oilseed Rape

All crops are now planted but have yet to emerge but they will do so over the coming week. Watch out for weeds emerging in dirty fields.

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